There is a lot of confusion about taxes for Facebook Gaming. A few streamers say that nothing needs to be paid, while other broadcasters say that there is no way to deduct anything. When the StreamScheme Team decided to investigate, we didn’t get very far. So, we outsourced this article to an accountant, who happily wrote it for us.
This information is relevant for streamers operating in the United States in 2021, covering the tax year of 2020.
How to Pay Your Facebook Taxes
In our experience, the easiest way to pay your Facebook Gaming taxes is with a service like Keeper Tax. The Keeper Tax app allows you to input the information from your 1099 to directly scan your bank and credit card statements for deductibles. The app will also help you track your expenses throughout the year to ensure that all your write-offs are accounted for at the end of the year.
The average Keeper Tax user saves $6,076 per year by using the app to track their purchases. You can automatically connect it to your financial accounts so that it can ask you if certain expenses were for business. At the end of the year, you can directly file through them to expedite the process. The best news is that they offer a 14-day free trial so that you can see how it works for yourself.
Facebook Gaming 1099
Any money made from hobby activities is taxable and should be filed on the taxable earnings section of form 1040 (on line 21 labeled “other taxable earnings.”) If you made more than $600, Facebook Gaming should send you a 1099.
In 2018, the ability to itemize expenses for hobby-related activities was suspended, allowing no deductions allowed for hobby income.
Hobby income does not have any self-employment taxes and is only subject to income tax.
Federal Taxes for Career Streamers
A career streamer would be responsible to pay Self-employment tax and income tax. Self-employment tax is a set 15.3%. The way the IRS sees it, the money gets sent to the “business” that the streamer essentially works for (even though it is typically themselves).
When the “business” pays the streamer they have to pay both the employer and employee Social security and Medicare taxes. Social security is 6.2% each, and medicare is 1.45% each. Totaled it is 12.4% for social security and 2.9% for Medicare tax. Self–employment tax is on net earnings (revenues – relevant expenses.)
Income tax would be based on any money that the streamer made during the year, less any applicable deductions and expenses.
Income tax is not based on a set percentage of income like self-employment tax is. Instead, income tax is based on the amount of income that a person makes. This is done off of a table.
How to Differentiate Between a Hobby and a Career
The IRS provides a list of qualifications that may make a hobby actually a business. Here they are as follows:
- If you manage your channel in a business-like manner and keep track of your records and books, see streaming as a business, not a hobby.
- Putting time and energy into streaming in an attempt to make it profitable would classify it as a business.
- If you depend on the income of your stream to pay bills or live, you are running a business.
- In the event you have losses, if they are out of your control or normal for streaming, it is a business.
- Changing the way you stream or upgrading your features in the event to become more profitable classifies your work as a business.
The IRS will also take the following into account:
- Whether or not you made a profit in a similar endeavor in the past.
- How much profit you make year over year.
- The probability of you earning future money from streaming (and an estimate of how much).
If most of these statements leaned one way or the other on your mindset for streaming, you know where on the spectrum you lay and will be able to determine how you should pay your taxes.
How Does Federal Tax for FB.GG Streamers Work?
Two notes of importance. Firstly, all of your deductions and such come out of your total earnings before you can determine the taxable earnings. You will fill out the Schedule SE to determine your taxable earnings. You will need Schedule C to fill it out.
Secondly, this is a stair-step method. Just because you may have taxable earnings of say $100,000 does not mean that your tax rate on all of it would be the 24% (if you’re filing as a single). The first $9,875 is still at 10%, the profits between $9875 and $40125 are taxed at 12%, and so on. The only amount taxed at 24% is any profit you receive over $85,526.
The income tax brackets change yearly, so don’t rely on this year’s numbers for next year. (I believe for inflation purposes). Here is the table you will use in 2021 to file your taxes for 2020:
2020 Federal Income Tax Table
|Tax Rates||Single||Married Filing Jointly||Head of Household|
|12%||$9,876-$40,125||$19,751 - $80,250||$14,101 - $53,700|
|22%||$40,126-$85,525||$80,251 - $171,050||$53,701 - $85,500|
|24%||$85,526 - $163,300||$171,051 - $326,600||$85,501 - $163,300|
|32%||$163,301 - $207,350||$326,601 - $414,700||$163,301 - $207,350|
|35%||$207,351 - $518,400||$414,701 - $622,050||$207,351 - $518,400|
|37%||$518,401 +||$622,051 +||$518,401 +|
State Taxes for Career Streamers
Most states also have a similar income tax table. State taxes may be deducted from federal income taxes only if you are itemizing deductions.
What Deductions Can Career Streamers Claim?
If you are streaming to build a career, you might be able to deduct (at least a portion of) purchases and services. Here are typical claimed expenses:
Employment and Income Taxes
Both employment and income taxes must be estimated and paid quarterly. It is best to err on the side of caution because the IRS tends to enjoy charging interest and fees, plus any excess may come back with the tax return.
While you will file your taxes by April 15, you need to make quarterly payments on a 1040-es. You only need to pay estimated taxes if you pay more than $1,000 in federal taxes per year.
What Forms are Involved in Facebook Gaming Taxes?
The following forms will be received or used in the process of paying Facebook Gaming taxes:
- 1099 – received from Facebook or another payer of royalties if you have made more than $600 from the platform. They will send the same figures to the IRS.
- 1040 – normal tax return statement
- 1040 SE – used to make estimated tax payments quarterly.
- Schedule SE – Self employment tax.
- Schedule C – profit or loss from business (has business expenses and income)
Facebook Gaming Tax Case Studies
Here are two case studies (for Federal taxes) that we have used as examples for you:
Marc is a college student who plays Fortnite on the weekends. His friends have complimented his skill often and suggested he stream. He agreed. While he only started streaming for fun, a few fans have donated to his stream or have given him bits. In 2020, he made $1,235.
Facebook sent him a 1099 for the $630 he made through bits and subscriptions. Streamlabs sent him a 1099 for the donations made through them. Marc is required to claim the taxes as part of his income and will do so on Form 1040.
Emma is known for her deadpan humor while she plays retro games. She has been streaming for years and has managed to turn it into a sustainable career. In 2020, she earned $68,200.
She has done the math and has realized that she paid her editor $4,000 through the course of the year and had commissioned for $500, and replaced her Stream Deck for $250. She also split her expenses to account for her home business. Altogether, she has netted $19,750.
Emma subtracts the $19,750 from the $68,200 she received, equalling $48,450 (note: she may be able to take other deductions, including the standard deduction of $12,000, but for the sake of time, we will skip those). From that, she will need to pay the following in taxes:
For the first $9,875, she will need to pay 10% tax ($987.50). For the $30,250 (the difference between $9,875 and the next step, $40,125), she will need to pay 12% tax ($3,630). For the remaining $8,325, she will need to pay 22% tax ($1,831.50). This means she will pay a grand total of $6,449 in Federal taxes.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do Facebook Gaming Streamers Pay Tax?
Yes, if you earned any money from Facebook Gaming, you are required to pay taxes on your earnings in the United States. This includes revenue from ads, donations/tips, sponsorships, and any other method of payment.
Do You Have to Pay Taxes on Donations?
Yes, if you are making income from Facebook Gaming it classifies as income in the eyes of the IRS.
Do you Pay Taxes on Facebook Gaming?
All streamers are supposed to pay taxes to their government for any earnings they earn while broadcasting on Facebook Gaming. The amount will vary depending on how much the streamer earned during the year minus their deductions.
How Do Taxes Work on Facebook Gaming?
Each streamer is responsible to pay taxes according to their government’s regulations. Facebook should send you a 1099 if you are in the USA or a similar statement that you can use to file your taxes.
Is Streaming Considered Self-Employment?
As a streamer, you are considered self employed. You are responsible for building your community and accepting donations. You will need to pay taxes on your tips.
How Many Facebook Gaming Viewers Do You Need to Make a Living?
Does Facebook Report to IRS?
Facebook does report its expenses to the IRS and will let them know which of their streamers received what. You are responsible for filing your own taxes.